translateX() CSS Function

Description

The CSS translateX() function is used to move an element horizontally along the x-axis. It takes a single parameter, which is the distance to move the element. The distance can be specified in pixels, centimeters, inches, or percentages.

For example, the following CSS code would move the element with the id my-element 100 pixels to the right:

#my-element {
  transform: translateX(100px);
}

The translateX() function can be used to create a variety of effects, such as sliding menus, animating images, and creating responsive layouts. It can also be used in conjunction with other CSS transform functions, such as translateY() and rotate(), to create more complex animations.

Here are some examples of how the translateX() function can be used:

  • Create a sliding menu: You can use the translateX() function to create a sliding menu that can be opened and closed by clicking on a button. For example, the following CSS code would create a sliding menu that is hidden by default and slides in from the left when the user clicks on the button with the id open-menu:
#menu {
  position: fixed;
  top: 0;
  left: -100%;
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  background-color: white;
  transform: translateX(-100%);
  transition: transform 0.5s ease-in-out;
}

#open-menu {
  position: fixed;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  width: 50px;
  height: 50px;
  background-color: blue;
}

#open-menu:hover {
  cursor: pointer;
}

#open-menu:click {
  #menu {
    transform: translateX(0);
  }
}
  • Animate images: You can use the translateX() function to animate images. For example, the following CSS code would make the image with the id my-image slide from the left to the right over a period of 2 seconds:
#my-image {
  transform: translateX(-100%);
  transition: transform 2s ease-in-out;
}

#my-image.animate {
  transform: translateX(0);
}
  • Create responsive layouts: You can use the translateX() function to create responsive layouts that adapt to different screen sizes. For example, the following CSS code would center the element with the id my-element on the screen, regardless of the screen size:
#my-element {
  position: absolute;
  top: 50%;
  left: 50%;
  transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
}

Syntax

transform: translate(tx);

Values

  • txHorizontal shift. A positive value shifts to the right, a negative value to the left.
Any length units accepted in CSS are accepted as values ​​- for example, pixels (px), inches (in), points (pt), etc. A positive value shifts to the right, negative to the left. A value of 0 does not change the position of the element.

Example

<img class="translate" src="images/nature.jpg" alt="Nature Image">
.translate {
transform: translateX(80px);
}

Browser Support

The following table will show you the current browser support for the CSS translateX() function.

Desktop
Edge Chrome Firefox Opera Safari
1213.510.53.1
Tablets / Mobile
Chrome Firefox Opera Safari Samsung Webview
184113.212

Last updated by CSSPortal on: 7th October 2023