CSS grid-template-areas Property

Description

The grid-template-areas property determines the grid layout template, referring to the names of the element areas that are set using the grid-area property.

Initial value
none
Applies to
Grid containers
Inherited
No
Media
Visual
Computed value
As specified
Animatable
Yes
CSS Version
CSS3
JavaScript syntax
object.style.gridTemplateAreas

Syntax

grid-template-areas : none | <string>+

Values

  • noneThe container does not define named areas of the grid layout. The default value.
  • <string>A row is created for every separate string listed, and a column is created for each cell in the string. Multiple named cell tokens within and between rows create a single named grid area that spans the corresponding grid cells. Unless those cells form a rectangle, the declaration is invalid.

Example

<div class="grid-container">
<div class="item-a">Header</div>
<div class="item-b">Main</div>
<div class="item-c">Footer</div>
<div class="item-d">Navigation</div>
</div>
.grid-container {
   display: grid;
   margin-top: 5px;
   padding: 10px;
   background: rgb(0,150,208); 
   grid-template-rows: 30px 30px 30px 30px;
   grid-template-columns: 25% 25% 25% 25%;
   grid-template-areas: 'header header header header' 
                                             'nav main main .' 
                                              'nav main main .'
                                              'footer footer footer footer'; 
}
.grid-container > div { 
   background: rgb(241,101,41);
   border: 1px solid #000;
   text-align: center; 
} 
.item-a {
   grid-area: header;
   background: red !important;
}
.item-b {
   grid-area: main; 
   background: yellow !important; 
}
.item-c {
   grid-area: footer;
   background: green !important; 
}
.item-d {
   grid-area: nav;
   background: violet !important;
}

Browser Support

Desktop
Explorer Edge Chrome Firefox Opera Safari
X1657524410.1
Tablets / Mobile
Android Chrome Firefox Opera Safari Samsung
5757524310.36.0

Last updated by CSSPortal on: 6th November 2019


CSS Properties

align-content
align-items
align-self
all
animation
animation-delay
animation-direction
animation-duration
animation-fill-mode
animation-iteration-count
animation-name
animation-play-state
animation-timing-function
backface-visibility
background
background-attachment
background-blend-mode
background-clip
background-color
background-image
background-origin
background-position
background-repeat
background-size
border
border-bottom
border-bottom-color
border-bottom-left-radius
border-bottom-right-radius
border-bottom-style
border-bottom-width
border-collapse
border-color
border-image
border-image-outset
border-image-repeat
border-image-slice
border-image-source
border-image-width
border-left
border-left-color
border-left-style
border-left-width
border-radius
border-right
border-right-color
border-right-style
border-right-width
border-spacing
border-style
border-top
border-top-color
border-top-left-radius
border-top-right-radius
border-top-style
border-top-width
border-width
bottom
box-decoration-break
box-shadow
box-sizing
break-after
break-before
break-inside
caption-side
caret-color
clear
clip-path
color
column-count
column-fill
column-rule
column-rule-color
column-rule-style
column-rule-width
column-span
column-width
columns
content
counter-increment
counter-reset
counter-set
cursor
direction
display
empty-cells
filter
flex
flex-basis
flex-direction
flex-flow
flex-grow
flex-shrink
flex-wrap
float
font
font-family
font-feature-settings
font-kerning
font-language-override
font-size
font-size-adjust
font-stretch
font-style
font-synthesis
font-variant
font-variant-alternates
font-variant-caps
font-variant-east-asian
font-variant-ligatures
font-variant-numeric
font-variant-position
font-weight
grid
grid-area
grid-auto-columns
grid-auto-flow
grid-auto-rows
grid-column
grid-column-end
grid-column-gap
grid-column-start
grid-gap
grid-row
grid-row-end
grid-row-gap
grid-row-start
grid-template
grid-template-areas
grid-template-columns
grid-template-rows
hanging-punctuation
height
hyphens
image-orientation
justify-content
justify-items
justify-self
left
letter-spacing
line-break
line-height
list-style
list-style-image
list-style-position
list-style-type
margin
margin-bottom
margin-left
margin-right
margin-top
max-height
max-width
min-height
min-width
mix-blend-mode
object-fit
object-position
opacity
order
orphans
outline
outline-color
outline-offset
outline-style
outline-width
overflow
overflow-wrap
overflow-x
overflow-y
padding
padding-bottom
padding-left
padding-right
padding-top
perspective
perspective-origin
place-content
place-items
place-self
position
quotes
resize
right
shape-image-threshold
shape-margin
shape-outside
tab-size
table-layout
text-align
text-align-last
text-combine-upright
text-decoration
text-decoration-color
text-decoration-line
text-decoration-style
text-emphasis
text-emphasis-color
text-emphasis-position
text-emphasis-style
text-indent
text-justify
text-orientation
text-overflow
text-shadow
text-transform
text-underline-position
top
transform
transform-origin
transform-style
transition
transition-delay
transition-duration
transition-property
transition-timing-function
unicode-bidi
vertical-align
visibility
white-space
widows
width
word-break
word-spacing
word-wrap
writing-mode
z-index