CSS position Property

Description

The position property indicates what type of positioning is used for the element (static, relative, absolute, or fixed). Together with the position property, CSS properties such as top, right, bottom, and left are used; they allow you to offset the positioned element relative to a certain edge.

Initial value
static
Applies to
All elements except for generated content
Inherited
No
Media
Visual
Computed value
As specified
Animatable
No
CSS Version
CSS2, CSS3
JavaScript syntax
object.style.position

Syntax

position: static | relative | absolute | sticky | center | page | fixed

Values

  • staticThis keyword let the element use the normal behavior, that is it is laid out in its current position in the flow. The top, right, bottom, and left properties do not apply.
  • relativeThis keyword lays out all elements as though the element were not positioned, and then adjust the element's position, without changing layout (and thus leaving a gap for the element where it would have been had it not been positioned).
  • absoluteDo not leave space for the element. Instead, position it at a specified position relative to its closest positioned ancestor or to the containing block. Absolutely positioned boxes can have margins, they do not collapse with any other margins.
  • stickyThe box position is calculated according to the normal flow (this is called the position in normal flow). Then the box is offset relative to its flow root and containing block and in all cases, including table elements, does not affect the position of any following boxes.
  • centerThe box's position (and possibly size) is specified with the top, right, bottom, and left properties. The box is vertically and horizontally centered within its containing block and these properties specify offsets with respect to the box's centered position within its containing block.
  • pageThe box's position is calculated according to the "absolute" model.
  • fixedDo not leave space for the element. Instead, position it at a specified position relative to the screen's viewport and doesn't move when scrolled. When printing, position it at that fixed position on every page.

Example

<h1>h1 {position: static;}</h1> 
<div class="relative">div position: relative;
<div class="absolute">div position: absolute;</div>
<div class="fixed">div position: fixed;</div>
</div>
body { 
   background: khaki;
   height: 2000px;
} 
h1 { 
   position: static;
} 
.relative { 
   position: relative; 
   left: 200px; 
   width: 200px;
   height: 250px;
   border: 5px solid;
} 
.absolute { 
   position: absolute;
   left: 40px; 
   width: 150px; 
   height: 100px;
   border: 5px solid green; 
} 
.fixed { 
   position: fixed; 
   left: 40px; 
   width: 150px; 
   height: 100px; 
   border: 5px solid red;
}

Browser Support

Desktop
Explorer Edge Chrome Firefox Opera Safari
4121141
Tablets / Mobile
Android Chrome Firefox Opera Safari Samsung
≤37184Yes1Yes

Last updated by CSSPortal on: 3rd November 2019


CSS Properties

align-content
align-items
align-self
all
animation
animation-delay
animation-direction
animation-duration
animation-fill-mode
animation-iteration-count
animation-name
animation-play-state
animation-timing-function
backface-visibility
background
background-attachment
background-blend-mode
background-clip
background-color
background-image
background-origin
background-position
background-repeat
background-size
border
border-bottom
border-bottom-color
border-bottom-left-radius
border-bottom-right-radius
border-bottom-style
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border-collapse
border-color
border-image
border-image-outset
border-image-repeat
border-image-slice
border-image-source
border-image-width
border-left
border-left-color
border-left-style
border-left-width
border-radius
border-right
border-right-color
border-right-style
border-right-width
border-spacing
border-style
border-top
border-top-color
border-top-left-radius
border-top-right-radius
border-top-style
border-top-width
border-width
bottom
box-decoration-break
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caption-side
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clear
clip-path
color
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columns
content
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cursor
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display
empty-cells
filter
flex
flex-basis
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float
font
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grid-column
grid-column-end
grid-column-gap
grid-column-start
grid-gap
grid-row
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grid-row-gap
grid-row-start
grid-template
grid-template-areas
grid-template-columns
grid-template-rows
hanging-punctuation
height
hyphens
image-orientation
justify-content
justify-items
justify-self
left
letter-spacing
line-break
line-height
list-style
list-style-image
list-style-position
list-style-type
margin
margin-bottom
margin-left
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max-height
max-width
min-height
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mix-blend-mode
object-fit
object-position
opacity
order
orphans
outline
outline-color
outline-offset
outline-style
outline-width
overflow
overflow-wrap
overflow-x
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padding
padding-bottom
padding-left
padding-right
padding-top
perspective
perspective-origin
place-content
place-items
place-self
position
quotes
resize
right
shape-image-threshold
shape-margin
shape-outside
tab-size
table-layout
text-align
text-align-last
text-combine-upright
text-decoration
text-decoration-color
text-decoration-line
text-decoration-style
text-emphasis
text-emphasis-color
text-emphasis-position
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text-indent
text-justify
text-orientation
text-overflow
text-shadow
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top
transform
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unicode-bidi
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widows
width
word-break
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writing-mode
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