429 Too Many Requests HTTP Status Code


HTTP status code 429, known as "Too Many Requests," is used to indicate that the user has sent too many requests in a given amount of time. Web servers apply rate limiting as a protective measure to ensure service availability and to prevent abuse. When a server returns a 429 status code, it's signaling that the client needs to slow down with its request frequency.

The response might include a "Retry-After" header indicating how long to wait before making a new request. This duration can be specified in either the number of seconds or as a date-time after which the client can retry its request.

Handling this status code properly is crucial for developers who are working with web APIs or any server resources that have rate limits. It helps in designing more robust applications that can adapt to such limitations by implementing retry logic with exponential backoff, respecting the "Retry-After" header if provided, or even proactively throttling requests to avoid hitting the rate limit.


429 Too Many Requests

Common Causes

Here are some common causes for receiving a 429 error:

  1. Rate Limiting: Most servers implement rate limiting to control the number of requests a client can make in a certain period. If this threshold is exceeded, the server will start returning 429 errors until the rate of requests has decreased below the acceptable limit.

  2. DDoS Protection: During a Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack, a server might start returning 429 errors to reject excess traffic and protect the stability of the service.

  3. API Quotas: Many web APIs have usage quotas to prevent overuse. If an application makes too many requests to such an API within a timeframe, subsequent requests may be blocked with a 429 status code until the quota resets.

  4. User Behavior: Sometimes, a user's behavior can inadvertently mimic a DDoS attack, such as rapidly refreshing a webpage or repeatedly performing an action within an application, leading to a 429 error.

  5. Server Configuration: The server or web application might have specific rules or configurations that define the rate limit threshold. These can vary significantly between services, and sometimes even minor configuration changes or updates can lead to a stricter rate limiting policy.

  6. Shared IP Address: If you're using a shared IP address (like those used in shared or public networks), the actions of other users on the same network can contribute to the rate limit, resulting in a 429 error for all users with that IP.

To resolve a 429 error, you typically need to reduce the rate of your requests, wait until the rate limit period resets, or, if possible, request a higher rate limit or quota from the service provider. In some cases, the response might include a "Retry-After" header indicating how long to wait before making a new request.

Browser Support

The following table will show you the current browser support for the 429 Too Many Requests HTTP status code.

Edge Chrome Firefox Opera Safari
Tablets / Mobile
Chrome Firefox Opera Safari Samsung Webview

Last updated by CSSPortal on: 1st April 2024