502 Bad Gateway HTTP Status Code


The HTTP status code 502 Bad Gateway is an error that indicates a server, while acting as a gateway or proxy, received an invalid response from the upstream server it accessed in attempting to fulfill a request. In simpler terms, when you visit a website, your request goes through multiple servers before reaching the one that hosts the website's data. A 502 error happens when one server gets an invalid response from another server further up the chain.

This error can occur for several reasons, including but not limited to:

  1. Network errors between servers: There might be a temporary issue in the network connection between the servers, preventing the downstream server from receiving a valid response.
  2. Server overload: The upstream server might be overloaded with requests, which can cause it to fail to respond correctly to all incoming requests.
  3. Configuration issues: Misconfigurations in the server or proxy settings can also lead to a 502 error. For instance, if the domain name does not point to the correct IP address, or if there's a mistake in the port configurations.

The error is usually temporary, and resolving it may involve waiting it out, refreshing the web page, or troubleshooting potential network or server configuration issues if you manage the server in question.


502 Bad Gateway

Common Causes

Here are the primary causes for a 502 error code:

  1. Server Overload: If the server is overwhelmed with requests, it might be unable to handle the traffic effectively, leading to a 502 error. This can happen due to a sudden spike in website traffic or DDoS attacks.

  2. Network Errors: Issues in the network between two servers can result in a 502 error. This could be due to problems with the ISP, faulty networking hardware, or even DNS issues.

  3. Faulty Programming: Sometimes, the issue might be with the website or application's code. If the server doesn't respond correctly to requests due to a bug or misconfiguration in the application, it can cause a 502 error.

  4. Server Maintenance: Servers undergoing maintenance or updates may temporarily return a 502 error if they're unable to handle requests properly during that period.

  5. Firewall and Security Devices: Overly aggressive firewall and security configurations can mistakenly block legitimate requests, interpreting them as threats, which can lead to a 502 error.

  6. Bad Gateway Tools: Some servers use gateway tools and reverse proxies (like NGINX or Apache's mod_proxy) to manage requests. Misconfigurations or failures in these tools can cause 502 errors.

  7. Timeouts: If a server takes too long to respond to a request from another server, it can result in a timeout, which often manifests as a 502 error. This could be because the server is slow, overloaded, or the requested resource takes too long to execute.

  8. Faulty Browser Caches: On the client side, a faulty or outdated cache might cause a 502 error. This is less common but can be easily fixed by refreshing the cache.

Addressing a 502 Bad Gateway error often involves checking server logs, reviewing server configurations, ensuring network stability, and sometimes simply waiting for the issue to resolve if it's caused by temporary conditions like server maintenance or overload.

Browser Support

The following table will show you the current browser support for the 502 Bad Gateway HTTP status code.

Edge Chrome Firefox Opera Safari
Tablets / Mobile
Chrome Firefox Opera Safari Samsung Webview

Last updated by CSSPortal on: 1st April 2024